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Electron-Molecules-Atoms-Surface Group

CNR Bari

Our research focuses on the calculations of elementary processes and transport properties involved in modelling of systems in non-equilibrium thermodynamic.

These results have huge fields of applications. They range from plasma-assisted combustion, spacecraft entry in planetary atmospheres, controlled fusion (JET, ITER …), interstellar medium and prebiotic synthesis of the molecules of life.

Electron-Molecule collisions: We perform calculations of cross sections and rate coefficients for state-resolved molecular dynamics – in the framework of ab initio quantum chemistry approaches – by electron-impact collisions involving vibrationally and rotationally excited molecules and molecular ions. Typical processes we consider are molecular dissociations, vibrational excitations and ionization. Molecular structures, including resonant states and resonance widths, are obtained by using R-matrix method.

Potential energy curves, and vibrationally resolved cross sections for electron collisions with D2
On the left: Potential energy curves for deuterium molecule. On the right: Vibrationally resolved cross sections by electron impact for vibrational excitation (VE), dissociative electron attachment (DA) and dissociative excitation (DE) processes and some comparisons with experimental data.

Atom-Molecule collisions: We calculate cross sections and rate coefficients for collision processes involving atoms and molecules, with detail about initial and final rovibrational states, on accurate potential energy surfaces by using quasi- and semi-classical methods. The processes treated are internal energy transfer, reaction, dissociation, recombination.

Rate coefficient calculations for N + O2 and H + H + H
Left panel: N + O2(v) → NO(v') + O rate coefficients at T=10000 K as functions of initial/final vibrational quantum numbers of molecular reactants/products, respectively. Right panel: three-body recombination rate coefficients for H + H + H → H2(v') + H at different temperatures, as a function of H2 final vibrational quantum number.

Atom/Molecule interactions with Surfaces: We determine the probabilities for elementary surface processes, reaction energetics and ro-vibrational distributions, global and state-to-state recombination coefficients and energy accommodation coefficients, as well as energy and charge exchange with the surface by time dependent Molecular Dynamics simulations, based on ab initio electronic structure calculations. The considered processes include: adsorption, desorption, scattering, atom recombination, molecular dissociation, ion formation.

Interactions of hydrogen with surfaces
Upper left: Ro-vibrational Distribution for H2 molecule scattered from graphite. Upper right: Surface Process Probabilities for H interaction with an H pre-covered W (110) surface. Bottom left: 3D total electron density of the products for the extraction of a H atom from CH4 molecule. Bottom right: 2D contour plots of Potential Energy Surface (PES) for H2 molecule impinging on T site on W(110).
Principal Researchers
  • Fabrizio Esposito
  • Vincenzo Laporta
  • Maria Rutigliano

Dr Vincenzo LAPORTA
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR/Bari); Via G. Amendola 122/D; 70126 BARI; ITALY

  • [1] V. Laporta et al., "Theoretical resonant electron-impact vibrational excitation, dissociative recombination and dissociative excitation cross sections of ro-vibrationally excited BeH+ ion", Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 59, 045008 (2017). [link to article]
  • [2] V. Laporta et al., "Vibrational excitation and dissociation of deuterium molecule by electron impact", Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 63, 085006 (2021). [link to article]
  • [3] V. Laporta, J. Tennyson and I.F. Schneider, "Vibrationally resolved NO dissociative excitation cross sections by electron impact", Plasma Sources Science and Technology 29, 05LT02 (2020). [link to article]
  • [4] F. Esposito and I. Armenise, "Reactive, Inelastic, and Dissociation Processes in Collisions of Atomic Nitrogen with Molecular Oxygen", The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 125, 3953-3964 (2021). [link to article]
  • [5] Q. Hong et al., "Reconciling experimental and theoretical vibrational deactivation in low-energy O + N2 collisions", Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 23, 15475-15479 (2021). [link to article]
  • [6] F. Esposito and M. Capitelli, "Selective Vibrational Pumping of Molecular Hydrogen via Gas Phase Atomic Recombination", The Journal of Physical Chemistry A 113, 15307-15314 (2009). [link to article]
  • [7] M. Rutigliano and F. Pirani, "Stereodynamic Effects of CO Molecules Scattered from a Graphite Surface", The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 125, 9074-9084 (2021). [link to article]
  • [8] M. Rutigliano, A. Palma and N. Sanna, "Influence of incidence angle on hydrogen and deuterium atoms interaction with a cesiated surface", Surface Science 693, 121545 (2020). [link to article]
  • [9] M. Rutigliano, A. Palma and N. Sanna, "Vibrationally excited hydrogen molecules formation on a cesiated surface", Plasma Sources Science and Technology 27, 075014 (2018). [link to article]


Collisional-Radiative Processes Deuterium Dissociative Attachment Electron – Molecule Collisions Electron Impact Excitation Electronic Structure Calculations Hydrogen Isotopes Molecular Dynamics Plasma Diagnostics Ro-vibrational Excitation Surface Processes